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By contrast, the parenchyma of the CNS is devoid of lymphatic vasculature2; in the brain, removal of cellular debris and toxic molecules, such as amyloid-β peptides, is mediated by a combination of transcellular transport mechanisms across the blood−brain and blood−cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barriers7–9, phagocytosis and digestion by resident microglia and recruited monocytes and/or macrophages10,11, as well as CSF influx and ISF efflux through a paravascular (glymphatic) route12–14

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If you find BEL Commons useful in your work, please consider citing: Hoyt, C. T., Domingo-Fernández, D., & Hofmann-Apitius, M. (2018). BEL Commons: an environment for exploration and analysis of networks encoded in Biological Expression Language. Database, 2018(3), 1–11.