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In the midbrain, both DA neurons (in substantia nigra pars compacta and ventral tegmental area [VTA]) and GABAergic neurons (in substantia nigra pars reticulata and VTA) express high levels of alpha4beta2* nAChRs on their somata, but only GABAergic neurons display somatic upregulation (Nashmi et al., 2007; Xiao et al., 2009)

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