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This file encodes the article Mammalian Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors: From Structure to Function by Albuquerque et al, 2009



Finally, the alkaloid methyllycaconitine (MLA) emerged as a potent and specific competitive antagonist that inhibits muscle, alpha7-, alpha6-, and alpha3-containing nAChRs (30, 326, 445). The alkaloid is derived from the larkspur (genus Delphinium), which is of great economic interest since estimates of its cost to ranchers in poisoned livestock exceeds many millions of dollars annually. Similar to most nAChR poisons, MLA binds to the receptor agonistbinding site (Fig. 3) in a manner similar to that of alpha-BGT to block agonist binding and receptor activation.

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